The Internet of Things, also known as IoT, has become popular around the world in a few years. The experts aimed to make daily tasks easier by installing sensors in things that humans use every day, connecting to the Internet, and controlling and using them either near or far. In this purpose-built environment, IoT can be roughly divided into three parts. These are the physical layer, network layer and application layer. The physical layer refers to the external body of the device to be used. The second part, the network layer, is called the network connection. The last one, the application layer, means the software part. In developed countries, IoT is used in business, Education They are widely used in many fields, not just health. In developing countries including Myanmar, scholars are still trying to meet the many requirements to effectively use IoT in all places.
Most of the developing countries in the world depend on agriculture. Most of the farmers are still engaged in manual farming. Business Insider, a world-renowned magazine, predicts that by 2020, more than 50 million IoT devices will be connected to agriculture. The farmers By using IoT, the amount of acid in the soil, Soil moisture can be measured with the help of experts. Only then can we plant crops that are suitable for the climate and the soil at the right time. In addition, foliar sprays needed for agriculture, If we can widely use unmanned remote control machines and small vehicles called drones to properly use pesticides and scatter seeds in plantation fields, we will be able to achieve more significant results in agriculture.
In the health sector, by using IoT, hospitals, Clinics will be able to systematically store patients’ medical history with the Cloud system. This is the first example. Through that, the patient’s treatment, Allergies The pictures of the cure are recorded step by step, and the relevant doctors are connected, and treatment can be provided more quickly. In the patient’s medical record, not only information about the disease, but also temperature, Detailed information such as oxygen consumption will be able to be recorded with the help of IoT. In addition, diseases that occur in different regions, In particular, infectious diseases will be monitored and prevented as much as possible, and if there is a sudden outbreak of disease, there will be opportunities to provide treatment as soon as possible with the help of the information stored in the IoT. As everyone knows, the world’s energy resources are consuming more and more with population growth. It is slowly diminishing due to misuse and wastage. For this reason, scientists are looking for ways to use energy efficiently.
A well-known IoT device related to energy is a solar system that produces electricity using solar energy. By using this system, you can save a lot of electricity, but in order to prevent over-use or waste of energy, in some countries, a system that stops and cuts off the amount of electricity needed for a house is used in solar systems. The amount of electricity used in excess must be paid by the mobile system. This is the use of electricity. About one-third of the world’s population still does not have access to clean water. Therefore, being able to deliver clean water to people in need has become an important issue. If the IoT system is installed in the water pipelines, the amount of acid in the water, sedimentation lime, Cleanliness can be measured and can be delivered to the required areas in a clean manner.
After the tsunami that occurred in the Indian Ocean on December 26, 2004, systems that can measure seismic waves even on the seabed were installed to make more accurate measurements of earthquakes. It is not possible to completely eliminate the occurrence of earthquakes, but prevention, It was useful in the evacuation of local residents. This is one of the benefits of IoT. In addition, conservation of rare animals is becoming important in environmental protection. Drones have been released in forests with rare animal species to monitor the number of animals. systematic breeding; Keeping casualty rates low is also a technology benefit provided by IoT. In the next articles, I will continue to write interesting things about IoT.